Water-based finishes are safe and environmentally friendly. Now that recent improvements have made their performance comparable to standard solvent-based finishes, they are fast becoming the finish of choice. Water-Based Finishes is the first book dedicated to using water-based finishes successfully. Professional woodworker Andy Charron explains how to choose the right finish and discusses the best methods to apply the finish for perfect results every time. This handy book also includes:
- up-to-date information about the new generation of water-based finishes
- how to choose the right finish for each application
- advice about surface preparation
- tips on application and topcoat finishing
- in-depth information on dyes and stains
- Additional Information
SKU FWW61077930 Table Of Contents Introduction
1 Why Use Water-Based Finishes?
Advantages of water-based finishes
Disadvantages of water-based finishes
Should you use water-based finishes?
2 What Are Water-Based Finishes?
Types of wood finishes
How water-based finishes work
Is it water based or water borne?
3 Development of Water-Based Finishes
Early alternatives to oil-based finishes
Government pressure for environmentally safe products
Advances in water-based finishes
4 Surface Preparation
Using paste fillers
Using wood putties
What are sealers?
Types of sealers
6 Stains and Dyes
Oil-based pigmented stains
Types of dyes
Nongrain-raising (NGR) dyes
7 Clear Topcoats
8 Pigmented Topcoats
Water-based acrylic paints
Preparing the surface
Priming the surface
Applying the topcoat
9 Final Steps
Why rub out a finish?
Preparing the surface
Selecting a finish
Applying the final coat
Rubbing out the finish
Using power buffers
Maintaining the finish
10 Cleaning Up
Cleaning spray equipment
Appendix 1: Troubleshooting
Appendix 2: Finishing Schedules
Intro My first experience with water-based finishes came about purely by accident. Several years ago, I was building a small entertainment center for a customer. I used a hand-rubbed oil finish on the visible parts of the cabinet and shellac on the interior sections and drawers. Id just begun finishing the drawer boxes when I ran out of shellac. As I was heading out to buy more, a friend of mine, who happened to be a professional painter, pulled up the drive. When I explained where I was going, he pulled a can out of the back of his van. Try this, youll like it, he said, handing me a gallon of something I had never seen before. It dries fast, sands easily, and doesnt smell. Best of all, it cleans up with water! Im just finishing drawers, I thought, so what have I got to lose? I thanked him, grabbed the can, and proceeded to brush on two coats of finish in a few hours.
This new product turned out to be a water-based urethane that had, unbeknownst to me, been on the market for several years. I was satisfied with the results, but the finish did have a few problems that concerned me. Not only did it raise the grain severely but it also tended to bubble and foam as I brushed it on. Although it sanded fairly easily, I felt that the combination of raised grain and trapped air bubbles made me work harder to get a smooth finish. I kept the can on hand and used it as an occasional substitute for shellac, but I never viewed it as a replacement for my usual finishing methods.
A few years later all that changed. I had just purchased my first spray gun but did not have the space or funds for an explosion-proof booth. By now I was a little more familiar with water-based finishes, and I knew I could spray them in my small shop. This time I tried a new product that was billed as a water-based lacquer. I was amazed at how easy it was to use. Although it still raised the grain, it was much less of a problem than the water-based product Id used before. The finish flowed out nicely and dried to the touch in minutes.
Because I couldnt safely use flammable products in my shop, I had no choice but to use water-based finishes. Gradually I figured out ways to overcome each of the problems associated with these products, while developing a simple, consistent finishing schedule. Today I use a variety of products in my shop, including both solvent- and water-based systems, although I would estimate that 90% of the time I use water-based finishes.
As the demand for cleaner, safer, more environmentally friendly products increases, more and more people are turning to water-based finishes. As a result, in just the past few years the number of products available has increased dramatically. In fact, just about every major finish manufacturer now offers a complete line of water-based products, many of which are equal to or even superior to traditional solvent-based finishes. However, after talking with several woodworkers, I realized that when it comes to water-based materials, there is a lot of misinformation floating around. I frequently hear people complain that water-based products are too expensive, are hard to work with, dont withstand abuse, dont dry properly, and require special equipment. Unfortunately, most of the books on wood finishing available today devote only a few pages or a short chapter to water-based products. I have written this book to expand the volume of information available to anyone thinking of using water-based finishes and to answer some of the often erroneous charges leveled against them.
In this book, I examine all aspects of water-based finishes, including an overview of how these products were developed. Other chapters explain how the different types of water-based finishes work, while helping unravel some of the mysteries surrounding the various names and types of materials. I discuss the advantages of water-based products along with some of their disadvantages. I realize that not all finishes are right for every situation, so it is my hope that by understanding the pros and cons of water-based finishes youll be better able to determine when and what to use.
The heart of the book examines the types of water-based products available and how to apply them. Beginning with fillers and putties and moving through sealers, stains, dyes, clear topcoats, and opaque finishes, each material is discussed in detail. Topics include appropriate surface preparation, proper equipment and shop conditions, application techniques, and finish maintenance. Then I show just how easy it is to clean up after using water-based products. Finally, because things dont always go as planned, a detailed troubleshooting chart is included to help you avoid and overcome potential finishing problems. Most of what I have learned about water-based finishes comes from talking to manufacturers, finishing specialists, and other woodworkers, along with a lot of trial and error. Throughout the book, I draw on my real-life experiences to answer frequently asked questions while offering helpful hints and tricks that make using these finishes easier. I hope that the knowledge, information, and experiences presented in this book will help you achieve satisfactory results quickly and consistently with little effort and frustration.
Video No Author Andy Charron ISBN 978-1-60085-550-4 Publication Year 1998 Pages 160 Photo black and white photos Drawings and drawings Video Download No Other Formats 70363 Cover PDF eBook Format eBook (PDF)
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